A man casts his vote in a polling station during primary legislative elections, in Buenos Aires, Argentina September 12, 2021. REUTERS/Agustin Marcarian
September 13, 2021
By Nicolás Misculin and Jorge Otaola
BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) -Argentina’s main opposition party held leads in the country’s capital and the important province of Buenos Aires in congressional primary elections on Sunday, early results showed, indicating a strong challenge to the ruling Peronist coalition.
The conservative Together for Change opposition party had a strong lead in the city of Buenos Aires, where it has a big support base, but also led in the surrounding province of the same name with 38.2% of total votes versus 33.6% for the ruling Front for All party.
That was with 87% of ballots counted in the city and about 59% in the province, the country’s most-populous region, which backed the ruling party in the presidential election in late 2019.
The primary vote, in which balloting is mandatory, is an acid test for the government of President Alberto Fernandez ahead of the Nov. 14 midterm ballot, where 127 seats in the Chamber of Deputies are up for grabs out of a total of 257, as well as 24 seats out of 72 in the Senate.
“The balance of power could be redefined,” said Shila Vilker, director of pollster Trespuntozero.
The government, hurt by the COVID-19 pandemic and rising poverty, faces a challenge to its majority in the Senate and its hold over the largest bloc in the lower house, where it has a slim lead of some five seats over the main opposition party.
Many voters feel let down by the main political parties. A lengthy recession, rampant inflation and a poverty rate that has risen to 42% have hurt public support for the government, despite recent signs of an economic recovery and falling coronavirus cases.
“There is great discontent among people,” Patricia Coscarello, a 52-year-old administrative worker outside Buenos Aires, said after she voted. “Apart from the pandemic, the economic situation is complex and salaries are shrinking.”
Fernandez can point to a vaccine rollout that has now reached more than 46 million inoculations for a population of a similar size, falling daily COVID-19 cases and the economy’s emergence from recession earlier this year after a plunge in 2020.
“While there are many things to improve, the alternative that governed before (Together for Change) made everything worse,” Griselda Picone, 60, a housewife in the capital, said. She was voting for the ruling party despite concerns.
“It seems to me that the handling of the economy during the pandemic has actually been good.”
The country’s skittish financial markets, which collapsed after a presidential primary in 2019 showed Fernandez winning that year’s election by a landslide, could rise if Sunday’s vote goes against the ruling party.
The logic is that a stronger opposition would temper the Peronists’ more militant wings. They have at times clashed with investors, the powerful farm sector and the International Monetary Fund, which is negotiating a debt deal with the government.
Ana Pertusati, a 36-year-old lawyer, and others were pessimistic about prospects for improvement.
“When you ask around, most people don’t even know the main candidates,” she said while waiting in line to vote. “It seems that whoever wins, it could be of little use to making real positive changes for the people.”
(Reporting by Nicolas Misculin and Jorge Otaola; Additional reporting by Agustin Geist; Editing by Adam Jourdan, Cynthia Osterman and Peter Cooney)