The U.S. public company accounting regulator will not accept any restrictions on its access to the audit papers of Chinese companies listed in New York, its chair said on Monday, confirming a Reuters story published last week.
Washington and Beijing are in talks to settle a long-running dispute over the auditing compliance of U.S.-listed Chinese companies. China authorities have long been reluctant to let overseas regulators inspect local accounting firms, citing national security concerns.
Reuters reported on July 26 that the main sticking point relates to the amount of access China is willing to grant the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB), which oversees audits of U.S.-listed companies, to companies’ papers. While Chinese counterparts want various degrees of access, the PCAOB says U.S. law requires complete access.
“Access to the U.S. capital markets is a privilege. It’s not a right. And the law is really clear that a part of those privileges comes with granting PCAOB complete access to the audit work papers of companies that are listed on the U.S. markets,” Erica Williams, PCAOB chair, told Reuters in an interview on Monday.
“If we aren’t able to get complete access to audit working papers – no loopholes, no exceptions – all of the companies in China that are listed on U.S. exchanges would have a trading prohibition in the U.S.,” she said.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which oversees the PCAOB, would make this final decision after the PCAOB determines whether China has granted full access.
“We have to make a determination by the end of this year. Notwithstanding that, we are doing whatever we can in order to try to reach an agreement,” Williams said.
The oversight dispute, which has been simmering for more than a decade, came to a head in December when the SEC finalized rules to potentially prohibit trading in Chinese companies under the Holding Foreign Companies Accountable Act. It said there were 273 companies at risk.
Williams said her agency is in daily discussions with Chinese regulators and while time is of the essence to reach an agreement, the resulting inspections and investigations “will take as long as it takes.”
“While we need to get an agreement as soon as possible, we must be sure that we faithfully execute the law,” she said.
“China knows what it needs to do. PCAOB inspectors are standing ready with the necessary resources for inspection.
China has previously said that both sides are committed to reaching a deal, although the United States has been more cautious on the outlook.
“We will not send our team over until we have at least an agreement and then we have to test out whether what’s on paper actually works in practice,” said Williams.