ECB’s Lagarde says many causes of inflation spike are temporary: CNBC

FAN Editor
FILE PHOTO: ECB President Lagarde takes part in a news conference in Frankfurt
FILE PHOTO: President of the European Central Bank (ECB) Christine Lagarde speaks as she takes part in a news conference on the outcome of the Governing Council meeting, in Frankfurt, Germany, September 9, 2021. REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach

September 24, 2021

FRANKFURT (Reuters) -Many of the drivers of a recent spike in euro zone inflation are temporary and due to fade in the next year, European Central Bank President Christine Lagarde said in an interview aired on CNBC on Friday.

Euro zone prices have been rebounding faster than expected as the economy reopened after pandemic-induced lockdowns, and several ECB policymakers think inflation will be close to, or even above, the ECB’s target of 2% next year.

Lagarde blamed much of the rise on supply disruptions and said inflation should stabilise next year.

“We think that there will be a return to much more stability in the year to come because many of the causes of higher prices are temporary,” Lagarde said.

“When you look at what’s causing it, a lot of it has to do with energy prices”.

She added “things will fall into place” when new sources of supply are found but cautioned higher energy prices might persist as they related to a transition away from fossil fuels.

Lagarde expected “movement” on the inflation front once the labour market tightened but added there was still “a lot of ground to cover” with at least one million more unemployed than before the COVID-19 pandemic.

The ECB president also sought to differentiate between the ECB, which began scaling back its emergency bond purchases this month though it plans to keep printing money for a while, and the Federal Reserve, which said this week it expects to start tapering its bond-buying scheme soon.

“There is an element of tapering in the way they (the Fed) have structured their support package to the economy, whereas we are not in that situation,” Lagarde said. “We are in the process of calibrating, and we have begun calibrating.”

Asked about the turmoil that has hit China’s property firm Evergrande, Lagarde said, “In the euro area, in particular, direct exposure would be limited”.

(Reporting by Francesco Canepa; Editing by Clarence Fernandez and Jon Boyle)

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